Do you really want a patent?

Independent inventors and small businesses have helped this country take great strides in innovation. Everyone knows a story about one or two inventors who designed world changing technologies in their garage. Amazon, Apple, and Google were supposedly born in garages. The garage genesis story runs deep in American folklore. And every so often, I get the opportunity to meet an independent inventor with their own “garage” who has a great idea and wants to protect it.

A patent provides a right to exclude others from making and using an invention in exchange for instructions on how the invention is made and used. More specifically, a patent offers an inventor the right to exclude others from making, offering to sell, selling, or using a composition of matter, process, manufacture, or machine that falls within the scope of the claimed invention in the patent. Effectively, a patentee can tell people to get off his or her lawn.

A patent can be a valuable tool for an inventor seeking to bring a new invention to market. For small businesses and independent inventors, bringing an invention to market may require seeking out investors or possible licensees who can provide the capital and/or equipment to effectively monetize the invention. Without a patent (or at least a provisional patent or patent application), openly discussing the invention with others could prove fatal to a growing business. But patents are not always easy to come by.

Patent prosecution (i.e., the process by which a patent is attained) can be expensive. The total costs for prosecuting a patent application, from start to finish, can range in the tens of thousands of dollars.

Inventors need to look beyond merely receiving a patent. Inventors need a plan for harnessing and monetizing their inventions before they have a patent application prepared and filed.

Inventors should begin the patent process by developing a business plan. Preferably, a plan should include at least a description of the market for the invention, an explanation of funding for patent prosecution costs, and a proposal for monetization of the patented goods. Assuming a market exists, how will the patented goods reach the market?

By developing a business plan, an inventor can determine if patent protection is a sound business decision. Perhaps the inventor does not have the capital to invest in patent prosecution. Perhaps, regardless of the patentability of the invention, no market exists for the resulting patented products. A savvy inventor should consider these issues before filing a patent application.

A patent can be a valuable asset. However, inventors should stop and consider whether a patent is a sound business decision before filing a patent application.

Power of the patent

A patent agent is a person who has passed the patent bar administered by the USPTO, whereas, a patent attorney is a person who has passed the patent bar and the state bar in the state in which the person practices law. Both the patent agency, such as InventHelp, and patent attorney are able to file a patent application on your behalf with the USPTO, but the patent attorney may additionally provide you legal advice in relation to issues related to copyrights and trademarks. If you would like to merely file a patent application, then you may be able to accomplish your goals with a patent agent. But most importantly, be comfortable with your decision in retaining either a patent agent or patent attorney.

The bottom line is, no one can promise you that your idea will become a patent, or that it is guaranteed to be patentable.

A good patent agent or attorney can help you present your invention to the patent office for a patent. A patent agent or attorney will also advise you that filing a patent application is no guarantee that the patent office will issue a patent. And that if you are not familiar with what has been patented in your area of expertise that a patent search might be in order as described on https://southfloridareporter.com/how-inventhelp-can-assist-with-new-invention-ideas/.

But being a patent agent or attorney does not make you a marketing person, in general they can’t tell you whether an invention is valuable or help you market it. As an attorney, a patent attorney may be able to help you license the technology or assign the patent, but not promote it. A patent agent is only licensed before the US Patent Office, so he or she can’t help you with licensing.

Extended Patent Protection

There are of course some categories of the inventions that are either in part or wholly excluded from the protection that a patent offers. In many of the countries involved, this will extend to the conventional copyrighted works or mostly any other type of aesthetic creations. This extends to the scheme, rule or method of how you can play a game or do business.

It also extends to a methodical theory or math method. There are other exclusions too, such as the way information is presented, or a PC application or medical treatment methods. There are of course times that certain group can be directly or not directly protected by the actual monopolizing of the advancements and technology that are required for them as explained in https://www.canyon-news.com/how-inventhelp-can-assist-you-as-a-new-inventor/106365 article.

For How Long Will The Patent Actually Be Able To Protect Me?

There are various temporary applications that are available in USA and several other nations too, such as the Australia and the United Kingdom. This will provide the patent holder with temporary protection for up to twelve months that subscribe to the Paris Convention. There are about 154 countries all in all that subscribes to the Paris convention.

Following this, a fully completed application can be lodged in selected nations before the previous 12 month expiry date falls. This will in general provide the patent holder with up to 20 years’ protection from the actual commencement that the filing of the application takes place. It is completely renewable normally in its fourth year in all of the respective countries.

There does seem to be a trend among most Americans to rather obtain their patent rights in the foreign countries by actually inflowing to the PCT, which stands for the Patent cooperation treaty, a system which is explained in greater detail on https://www.econotimes.com/How-You-Can-Benefit-from-Turning-to-the-InventHelp-Experts-1577312.

Conditions for Obtaining a Patent (Novelty and Non- Obviousness)

The conditions for obtaining a patent are well laid out in the patent law of a given country or state. Patent laws even though unique for each country or region, basically govern similar aspects when it comes to the application, consideration and granting of a patent for a claimed invention. All in all patent laws typically require that:

The invention whether a product, methodology of doing something or simply a business idea, be of a subject matter eligible for the privileges of a patent protection. For instance for some theorems, business methods or computer programs, they cannot be granted a patent in US or Canada simply because they lack a physical embodiment, or a tangible result from the provided process and hence lack the subject matter for patenting.

The subject under consideration for a patent must be, at the very least, a novelty subject, with clear signs and aspects of a fresh intentional ingenuity never seen before as stated in https://www.macobserver.com/why-turn-to-inventhelp-with-your-tech-invention-idea/.

For the invention to be granted a patent there has to be a clear inventive process which is non-obvious to any skilled person. This is to say that, having looked at the problem being addressed by the invention, such a person could not or would not have by themselves thought of the claimed invention or seen the steps towards such an invention.

Last of all, the invention be of some valid use in one aspect or another, or the invention be predisposed to an industrial application in one field or another.

These conditions are normally the basis for initial patent considerations, even though other conditions have to be strictly met even if the above conditions are all present for someone to obtain a patent right for his or her creation.

The conditions above are merely substantive and formal conditions like the sufficient disclosure of all aspects of the invention, best mode requirement in the process or, the unity in the process of invention, normally have the last word on whether a patent will be granted or not. All patent applications are subjected to official examinations by patent examiners who check on the conditions aforementioned among others depending on the jurisdiction they are in.

Before filling an application for a patent, an inventor can get opinions from patent agencies, like InventHelp, and attorneys to establish the patentability of his or her invention with regards to conditions for obtaining a patent that have been stipulated.

Understanding Intellectual Property Rights

Common Law

In US, common IP (Intellectual Property) law basically states that all IP designed, created or invented by an employee is actually the legal property of their employer. However, it should be noted that this is only applicable when the employee’s intellectual property or invention is directly related to their line of employment.

Patents & Designs Act

This particular act contains details relating to the Intellectual Property created by employees during the time of their employment. For example, the Patents and Designs Acts state that all contracts that try to obtain the rights to IP created by an employee that is unrelated to the employee’s role at the company is not binding. Also, any contract that tries to secure rights to inventions developed by the employee more than one year after terminating employment with the company is considered to be null and void as you can see from https://arizonawet.arizona.edu/users/key-steps-patent-idea-through-inventhelp too.

Trademarks Act

In most cases, the first party to apply for a trademark is granted ownership thereof. It should however, be noted that there are a few instances where this would not apply. For example, if a different party has been using a particular trademark for a while or have established a brand identity using the trademark then the application may not be granted.

Copyright

This is a unique form of protection for intellectual property. This is because copyright will exist automatically and does not need to be applied or filed for. If the product is completely unique and tangible then the author would automatically hold the copyright for it. However, it should be noted that the copyright will not belong to the author if the work was commissioned and paid for. In this case, the work created is considered to be property of the commissioner as explained on https://openlab.citytech.cuny.edu/gotconcept/the-next-big-thing-in-invention/.

Confidential Info

This is one of the more difficult types of Intellectual Property to protect. This type of IP is controlled by Common Law which was briefly outlined above. It should be noted that the law of the country states that employers will not be able to prevent employees from using information and skills that are essential in their line of work.

Where Does All This Plastic Come From?

Making plastic is fairly straightforward and can be summed up in four basic steps: first prepare raw materials and monomers, then carry out polymerization reactions, next process the polymers into polymer resins, and finally, produce finished products.

Crude oil contains hydrocarbons that make up monomers obtained while refining oil and natural gas. As these hydrocarbon monomers are collected, they then undergo chemical processes preparing them for the creation of new plastics. Next, polymerization produces polymer resins, which emerge as pellets and beads of raw plastic material. At last, these polymer resins are heated; molded, and cooled to produce the products we find surrounding us in our everyday lives.

The processes by which we get our finalized plastic products include extrusion, injection molding, rotational molding, and blow molding. Extrusion involves melting the raw plastic then forcing it through a small aperture until letting it cool with air or with water. In injection molding, pellets are melted in a hopper then forced under high pressure into a cooled mold. Blow molding blows the heated resin with compressed air to create a hollowed out container. Finally, rotational molding rotates the mold while heating the resins so the plastic is dispersed equally throughout the mold.

Identifying the source of your German Shepherd barking

Knowing how to stop your dog from barking when he refuses to is the challenge. This is the time when you need to become the alpha dog leader and let your German Shepherd know that you are in charge. And because you are establishing yourself as the alpha leader, your German Shepherd is trusting you as the leader of the pack.

Anxiety can be another reason why your dog continues to bark.

This symptom might stem from you leaving the house (the pack) for any length of time and he is trying to call out to you. So your German Shepherd dog does the only natural thing he knows… that is barking. He will continue to bark until you return.

The reason for this is that you might have created this problem yourself. In other words, you might have in past rewarded your dog by greeting him with attention right when you first arrive, thus your dog is expecting this and now it is part of his learned behavior.

The best thing to break him of this behavior is to ignore your dog for about 10 – 15 minutes when you first arrive. That way he can stop associating your return with attention.

Teach your dog when to speak and when to be quiet.

By creating a command that lets you control your German Shepherds’ behavior, he will learn to control his barking when it is not necessary.

And just why is this a good idea?

This will benefit you because if there was an intruder in your house you of course want your dog to bark. Or if there was something that you did not want your dog to bark at like someone walking by your front yard like a jogger or a mother pushing a stroller, you do not want your German Shepherd barking.

By training your dog with the commands that you taught him, he will have learned the situation which he knows when to bark and when not to…

Who are Surrogates?

Surrogate mothers come from all walks of life and ages, although they are typically between the age of twenty one and forty. The majority of them have graduated from high school at the very least and have already had their own children. It is rarer for a woman to choose to offer her body for surrogacy if she has never before had a child. In addition, the majority of surrogate mothers are married and work full time jobs. As stated above, some women do this tremendous act to earn money while others do it for nothing but the gratification that the act of giving life brings them.

How Much Does Surrogacy Cost?

If you are using an altruistic surrogate you may not have to worry about cost. While this type of surrogate does not require payment, the intended parents can choose to pay for certain things. However, if a commercial surrogate is being used then costs must be calculated. The costs will vary in different situations. However, according to the statistics on the national averages for surrogate costs, the typical compensation is between twenty and twenty-seven thousand dollars. Keep in mind that if an egg or sperm is also needed to make surrogacy possible than the cost can rise up by the thousands.

Another cost to surrogacy is the in vitro implantation if the biological mother’s egg is being used along with the biological father’s sperm. If the surrogate is using her own egg there is still the process of fertilization with the biological father’s sperm. This is separate from the commercial surrogate cost. The average cost for these types of procedures ranges between fifteen and thirty thousand dollars, depending on the location you choose. For example, surrogacy hospital in Bangladesh is way cheaper than a surrogacy hospital in US. Also consider the fact that not every implantation will end in pregnancy. This means these costs may have to be incurred more than once before conception actually occurs. In the end, the entire process may cost as much as one hundred and twenty thousand dollars. For those who deeply desire a child every penny is worth the cost.

In addition, many people go into counseling before entering into a surrogate commitment at the advice of their medical professionals or by their own accord. The entire process, while a hopeful and happy time, can be very stressful, overwhelming and emotionally trying. Having a solid support system in place is vital to making the experience a good one with a happy ending for all who are involved.

Singapore Taxi Services

Singapore cab services are available round the clock all throughout the year. The taxis are widely used for transportation to the airport or to other places of interest in the city. If a company offering taxi services in Singapore is contacted, the company ensures that the taxi reaches the customer in the least possible time.

If you want the taxi at your doorstep, you will find the taxi there as Maxi cab offers pick and drop services for the customers. Majority of the reputed companies that offer cab services in Singapore are very punctual as they understand the value of time. This has made them earn lot of respect from the customers, who were in real hurry and made it to the destination just in time, with the help of efficient taxi services in Singapore.

The cabs that are provided by most of the taxi services are extremely well maintained. There are both air conditioned and non-air-conditioned taxis available in the city and customers can choose according to their own preference. The seats in the cabs are well maintained and extremely comfortable. While some cabs are normal 4-seaters, there are also cans which are 7-seaters.

For the old and disabled people, there are wheelchairs in the cabs so that they can travel comfortably. Discounts on fares are also given to military personnel and to senior citizens. Most importantly, almost all the taxis that are run by the various cab companies are neat and clean as well as insured.

There is a very interesting thing about Maxi cabs. It is strange to note that cabs are different from one another. Different taxis have different colors in the city as that helps in identifying the company to which the taxi belongs. This actually proves to be helpful in crowded areas. If one has booked a taxi, the person will be able to identify from a distance that the taxi is approaching.

The drivers of the cabs in Singapore are also well trained in their profession and perform their duties extremely well. Most of the drivers have good driving experience and are well-behaved and courteous. These things are highly appreciated by the customers who avail the taxi services in the city. Most of the Maxi Cab Singapore companies have online booking facilities and accept payments through credit cards.

Watching Movies Online – Alternatives

Gone are the days where you will need to go to the cinema to catch a movie, or wait for the movie to be aired on the television. Instead, it is possible to watch full movies online for free with no sign up and there are actually several legal alternatives to pick from.

The first alternative to watching movies in the cinema would be to rent the movie. You no longer need to go to a rental store as it is possible to rent movies from an online rental store for a price. Just like the olden days where you rent video cassettes and return them within certain duration, renting the movie online also has their own rental duration. But instead of physically returning the movie, the file will simply expire. Thus, there is no need to worry about late returns. The duration for rental is usually 24 hours. Some online movie rentals functions by users streaming the movie from the website, while others can download files which would then be no longer of use after expiration time. Always rent from a secure website like Netflix, Video on Demand, Fmovies or Apple’s iTunes to avoid being duped.

Another alternative to watch full movies online which is highly popular would be through ad-based websites. These Fmovies alternatives websites are not the actual hosts of the movies as they are only sharing video from the host by using the embedded code, which is like a link to the original website that streams the movie. So in a way, they are not breaking any law. This is not entirely legal either, but there is a large grey area over this matter. Always check your federal laws when choosing websites to stream movies from because, after all, legal streaming supports the movie industry. Meanwhile, you will see that there will be several advertisements throughout the movie, as these are the sponsors to keep the website sustained. Your selection of movies is also much fewer.

The third alternative would be to download the movie online. Instead of watching the movie online, you are actually making a copy of the movie file to be kept in your virtual movie collection. It is more or less similar to getting a DVD as you will need to pay a price for it, but without the hassle of going to the mall to buy it neither do you need to find a place to keep the physical disc. Instead, it is stored in your computer or digital device in which you can watch over and over again anytime you want. All in all, watching movies online legally is possible.